What Is Cancer?
Cancer is actually a group of many related illness that all have to do with cells. Cells are the extremely little systems that make up all living things, including the body. There are billions of cells in everyone's body.
Cancer happens when cells that are not typical grow and spread out very quick. Typical body cells grow and divide and understand to stop growing. Over time, they also pass away. Unlike these regular cells, cancer cells just continue to grow and divide out of control and don't pass away when they're expected to.
Cancer cells usually group or clump together to form tumors (state: TOO-mers). A growing growth becomes a lump of cancer cells that can damage the normal cells around the tumor and damage the body's healthy tissues. This can make somebody really sick.
Sometimes cancer cells break away from the initial growth and travel to other locations of the body, where they keep growing and can go on to form new growths. This is how cancer spreads. The spread of a growth to a new place in the body is called transition (say: meh-TASS-tuh-sis).
Reasons for Cancer
You most likely know a kid who had chickenpox-- perhaps even you. However you most likely do not know any kids who've had cancer. If you loaded a big football arena with kids, probably only one kid because stadium would have cancer.
Doctors aren't sure why some people get cancer and others do not. They do know that cancer is not infectious. You can't capture it from somebody else who has it-- cancer isn't brought on by germs, like colds or the flu are. So do not be scared of other kids-- or anybody else-- with cancer. You can speak to, play with, and hug someone with cancer.
Kids can't get cancer from anything they do either. Some kids think that a bump on the head triggers brain cancer or that bad people get cancer. This isn't real! Kids don't do anything incorrect to get cancer. However some unhealthy practices, particularly smoking or drinking excessive alcohol every day, can make you a lot more most likely to get cancer when you become an adult.
Finding Out About Cancer
It can take a while for a physician to find out a kid has cancer. That's due to the fact that the symptoms cancer can cause-- weight reduction, fevers, inflamed glands, or feeling extremely worn out or ill for a while-- usually are not triggered by cancer. When a kid has these problems, it's frequently triggered by something less severe, like an infection. With medical screening, the doctor can figure out what's causing the difficulty.
If the physician believes cancer, she or he can do tests to find out if that's the problem. A doctor may purchase X-rays and blood tests and advise the individual visit an oncologist (say: on-KAH-luh-jist). An oncologist is a doctor who takes care of and treats cancer patients. The oncologist will likely run other tests to learn if somebody truly has cancer. If so, tests can identify what sort of cancer it is and if it has actually spread out to other parts of the body. Based on the results, the doctor will decide the Learn more here very best way to treat it.
One test that an oncologist (or a surgeon) might carry out is a biopsy (say: BY-op-see). Throughout a biopsy, a piece of tissue is gotten rid of from a growth or a location in the body where cancer is believed, like the bone marrow. Don't worry-- someone getting this test will get special medicine to keep him or her comfortable during the biopsy. The sample that's collected will be analyzed under a microscope for cancer cells.
The faster cancer is discovered and treatment starts, the much better somebody's opportunities are for a complete healing and treatment.
Dealing With Cancer Thoroughly
Cancer is treated with surgical treatment, chemotherapy, or radiation-- or sometimes a combination of these treatments. The choice of treatment depends on:
Surgery is the oldest form of treatment for cancer-- 3 out of every 5 people with cancer will have an operation to remove it. During surgery, the doctor tries to get as numerous cancer cells as possible. Some healthy cells or tissue may also be eliminated to ensure that all the cancer is gone.
Chemotherapy (say: kee-mo-THER-uh-pee) is using anti-cancer medicines (drugs) to treat cancer. These medicines are in some cases taken as a pill, but typically are provided through a special intravenous (state: in-truh-VEE-nus) line, likewise called an IV. An IV is a small plastic catheter (straw-like tube) that is taken into a vein through somebody's skin, normally on the arm. The catheter is connected to a bag that holds the medication. The medication streams from the bag into a vein, which puts the medication into the blood, where it can travel throughout the body and attack cancer cells.